Class ShaclSail

All Implemented Interfaces:
FederatedServiceResolverClient, NotifyingSail, Sail, StackableSail

public class ShaclSail extends NotifyingSailWrapper
A Sail implementation that adds support for the Shapes Constraint Language (SHACL).

The ShaclSail looks for SHACL shape data in a special named graph RDF4J.SHACL_SHAPE_GRAPH.

Working example

 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.StringReader;

 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.common.exception.ValidationException;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.model.Model;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.model.vocabulary.RDF4J;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.repository.RepositoryException;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.repository.sail.SailRepository;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.repository.sail.SailRepositoryConnection;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.rio.RDFFormat;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.rio.Rio;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.rio.WriterConfig;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.rio.helpers.BasicWriterSettings;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.memory.MemoryStore;
 import org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.shacl.ShaclSail;

 public class ShaclSampleCode {

     public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

         ShaclSail shaclSail = new ShaclSail(new MemoryStore());

         SailRepository sailRepository = new SailRepository(shaclSail);
         sailRepository.init();

         try (SailRepositoryConnection connection = sailRepository.getConnection()) {

             connection.begin();

             StringReader shaclRules = new StringReader(String.join("\n", "",
                     "@prefix ex: <http://example.com/ns#> .",
                     "@prefix sh: <http://www.w3.org/ns/shacl#> .",
                     "@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .",
                     "@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>.",

                     "ex:PersonShape",
                     "    a sh:NodeShape  ;",
                     "    sh:targetClass foaf:Person ;",
                     "    sh:property ex:PersonShapeProperty .",

                     "ex:PersonShapeProperty ",
                     "    sh:path foaf:age ;",
                     "    sh:datatype xsd:int ;",
                     "    sh:maxCount 1 ;",
                     "    sh:minCount 1 ."
             ));

             connection.add(shaclRules, "", RDFFormat.TURTLE, RDF4J.SHACL_SHAPE_GRAPH);
             connection.commit();

             connection.begin();

             StringReader invalidSampleData = new StringReader(String.join("\n", "",
                     "@prefix ex: <http://example.com/ns#> .",
                     "@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>.",
                     "@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .",

                     "ex:peter a foaf:Person ;",
                     "    foaf:age 20, \"30\"^^xsd:int  ."

             ));

             connection.add(invalidSampleData, "", RDFFormat.TURTLE);
             try {
                 connection.commit();
             } catch (RepositoryException exception) {
                 Throwable cause = exception.getCause();
                 if (cause instanceof ValidationException) {

                     // use the validationReportModel to understand validation violations
                     Model validationReportModel = ((ValidationException) cause).validationReportAsModel();

                     // Pretty print the validation report
                     WriterConfig writerConfig = new WriterConfig()
                             .set(BasicWriterSettings.PRETTY_PRINT, true)
                             .set(BasicWriterSettings.INLINE_BLANK_NODES, true);

                     Rio.write(validationReportModel, System.out, RDFFormat.TURTLE, writerConfig);
                     System.out.println();
                 }

                 throw exception;
             }
         }
     }
 }
 
Author:
Heshan Jayasinghe, Håvard Ottestad
See Also:
  • Constructor Details

    • ShaclSail

      public ShaclSail(NotifyingSail baseSail)
    • ShaclSail

      public ShaclSail()
  • Method Details

    • getCachedShapes

      @InternalUseOnly public StampedLockManager.Cache<List<org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.shacl.ast.ContextWithShape>>.ReadableState getCachedShapes() throws InterruptedException
      Throws:
      InterruptedException
    • setBaseSail

      public void setBaseSail(Sail baseSail)
      Description copied from interface: StackableSail
      Sets the base Sail that this Sail will work on top of. This method will be called before the initialize() method is called.
      Specified by:
      setBaseSail in interface StackableSail
      Overrides:
      setBaseSail in class NotifyingSailWrapper
    • getExecutorService

      @Experimental protected ShaclSail.RevivableExecutorService getExecutorService()
      Returns:
    • getSupportedShaclPredicates

      public static List<IRI> getSupportedShaclPredicates()
      Lists the predicates that have been implemented in the ShaclSail. All of these, and all combinations, should work, please report any bugs. For sh:path, only single predicate paths, or single predicate inverse paths are supported. DASH and RSX features may need to be enabled.
      Returns:
      List of IRIs (SHACL predicates)
    • init

      public void init() throws SailException
      Description copied from interface: Sail
      Initializes the Sail. Care should be taken that required initialization parameters have been set before this method is called. Please consult the specific Sail implementation for information about the relevant parameters.
      Specified by:
      init in interface Sail
      Overrides:
      init in class SailWrapper
      Throws:
      SailException - If the Sail could not be initialized.
    • getShapes

      @InternalUseOnly public List<org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.shacl.ast.ContextWithShape> getShapes(RepositoryConnection shapesRepoConnection, SailConnection sailConnection, IRI[] shapesGraphs) throws SailException
      Throws:
      SailException
    • getShapes

      @InternalUseOnly public List<org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.shacl.ast.ContextWithShape> getShapes(RepositoryConnection shapesRepoConnection, IRI[] shapesGraphs) throws SailException
      Throws:
      SailException
    • shutDown

      public void shutDown() throws SailException
      Description copied from interface: Sail
      Shuts down the Sail, giving it the opportunity to synchronize any stale data. Care should be taken that all initialized Sails are being shut down before an application exits to avoid potential loss of data. Once shut down, a Sail can no longer be used until it is re-initialized.
      Specified by:
      shutDown in interface Sail
      Overrides:
      shutDown in class SailWrapper
      Throws:
      SailException - If the Sail object encountered an error or unexpected situation internally.
    • getConnection

      public NotifyingSailConnection getConnection() throws SailException
      Description copied from interface: Sail
      Opens a connection on the Sail which can be used to query and update data. Depending on how the implementation handles concurrent access, a call to this method might block when there is another open connection on this Sail.
      Specified by:
      getConnection in interface NotifyingSail
      Specified by:
      getConnection in interface Sail
      Overrides:
      getConnection in class NotifyingSailWrapper
      Throws:
      SailException - If no transaction could be started, for example because the Sail is not writable.
    • getShapes

      @InternalUseOnly public List<org.eclipse.rdf4j.sail.shacl.ast.ContextWithShape> getShapes(IRI[] shapesGraphs, boolean onlyRdf4jShaclShapeGraph)
    • setShapesGraphs

      public void setShapesGraphs(Set<IRI> shapesGraphs)
    • isSerializableValidation

      public boolean isSerializableValidation()
      On transactions using SNAPSHOT isolation the ShaclSail can run the validation serializably. This stops the sail from becoming inconsistent due to race conditions between two transactions. Serializable validation limits TPS (transactions per second), it is however considerably faster than actually using SERIALIZABLE isolation.
      Returns:
      true if serializable validation is enabled, false otherwise.
    • isGlobalLogValidationExecution

      public boolean isGlobalLogValidationExecution()
      Check if logging of every execution steps is enabled.
      Returns:
      true if enabled, false otherwise.
      See Also:
    • setGlobalLogValidationExecution

      public void setGlobalLogValidationExecution(boolean loggingEnabled)
      Log (INFO) every execution step of the SHACL validation. This is fairly costly and should not be used in production. Recommended to disable parallel validation with setParallelValidation(false)
      Parameters:
      loggingEnabled -
    • isLogValidationViolations

      public boolean isLogValidationViolations()
      Check if logging a list of violations and the triples that caused the violations is enabled. It is recommended to disable parallel validation with setParallelValidation(boolean)
      See Also:
    • setLogValidationViolations

      public void setLogValidationViolations(boolean logValidationViolations)
      Log (INFO) a list of violations and the triples that caused the violations (BETA). Recommended to disable parallel validation with setParallelValidation(false)
      Parameters:
      logValidationViolations -
    • isParallelValidation

      public boolean isParallelValidation()
      Check if SHACL validation is run in parellel.
      Returns:
      true if enabled, false otherwise.
    • setParallelValidation

      public void setParallelValidation(boolean parallelValidation)
      EXPERIMENTAL! Run SHACL validation in parallel. Default: false

      May cause deadlock, especially when using NativeStore.

      Parameters:
      parallelValidation - default true
    • isCacheSelectNodes

      public boolean isCacheSelectNodes()
      Check if selected nodes caches is enabled.
      Returns:
      true if enabled, false otherwise.
      See Also:
    • setCacheSelectNodes

      public void setCacheSelectNodes(boolean cacheSelectNodes)
      The ShaclSail retries a lot of its relevant data through running SPARQL Select queries against the underlying sail and against the changes in the transaction. This is usually good for performance, but while validating large amounts of data disabling this cache will use less memory. Default: true
      Parameters:
      cacheSelectNodes - default true
    • isRdfsSubClassReasoning

      public boolean isRdfsSubClassReasoning()
    • setRdfsSubClassReasoning

      public void setRdfsSubClassReasoning(boolean rdfsSubClassReasoning)
    • disableValidation

      public void disableValidation()
      Disable the SHACL validation on commit()
    • enableValidation

      public void enableValidation()
      Enabled the SHACL validation on commit()
    • isValidationEnabled

      public boolean isValidationEnabled()
      Check if SHACL validation on commit() is enabled.
      Returns:
      true if validation is enabled, false otherwise.
    • isLogValidationPlans

      public boolean isLogValidationPlans()
      Check if logging of validation plans is enabled.
      Returns:
      true if validation plan logging is enabled, false otherwise.
    • setLogValidationPlans

      public void setLogValidationPlans(boolean logValidationPlans)
      Log (INFO) the executed validation plans as GraphViz DOT Recommended to disable parallel validation with setParallelValidation(false)
      Parameters:
      logValidationPlans -
    • isPerformanceLogging

      public boolean isPerformanceLogging()
    • setPerformanceLogging

      public void setPerformanceLogging(boolean performanceLogging)
      Log (INFO) the execution time per shape. Recommended to disable the following:
      • setParallelValidation(false)
      • setCacheSelectNodes(false)
      Parameters:
      performanceLogging - default false
    • setSerializableValidation

      public void setSerializableValidation(boolean serializableValidation)
      Enable or disable serializable validation.On transactions using SNAPSHOT isolation the ShaclSail can run the validation serializably. This stops the sail from becoming inconsistent due to race conditions between two transactions. Serializable validation limits TPS (transactions per second), it is however considerably faster than actually using SERIALIZABLE isolation.

      To increase TPS, serializable validation can be disabled. Validation will then be limited to the semantics of the SNAPSHOT isolation level (or whichever is specified). If you use any other isolation level than SNAPSHOT, disabling serializable validation will make no difference on performance.

      Parameters:
      serializableValidation - default true
    • isEclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions

      @Experimental public boolean isEclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions()
      Support for Eclipse RDF4J SHACL Extensions (http://rdf4j.org/shacl-extensions#). Enabling this currently enables support for rsx:targetShape.

      EXPERIMENTAL!

      Returns:
      true if enabled
    • setEclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions

      @Experimental public void setEclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions(boolean eclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions)
      Support for Eclipse RDF4J SHACL Extensions (http://rdf4j.org/shacl-extensions#). Enabling this currently enables support for rsx:targetShape.

      EXPERIMENTAL!

      Parameters:
      eclipseRdf4jShaclExtensions - true to enable (default: false)
    • isDashDataShapes

      @Experimental public boolean isDashDataShapes()
      Support for DASH Data Shapes Vocabulary Unofficial Draft (http://datashapes.org/dash). Currently this enables support for dash:hasValueIn, dash:AllObjectsTarget and dash:AllSubjectsTarget.

      EXPERIMENTAL!

      Returns:
      true if enabled
    • setDashDataShapes

      @Experimental public void setDashDataShapes(boolean dashDataShapes)
      Support for DASH Data Shapes Vocabulary Unofficial Draft (http://datashapes.org/dash). Currently this enables support for dash:hasValueIn, dash:AllObjectsTarget and and dash:AllSubjectsTarget.

      EXPERIMENTAL!

      Parameters:
      dashDataShapes - true to enable (default: false)
    • getValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint

      public long getValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint()
      ValidationReports contain validation results. The number of validation results can be limited by the user. This can be useful to reduce the size of reports when there are a lot of failures, which increases validation speed and reduces memory usage.
      Returns:
      the limit for validation results per validation report per constraint, -1 for no limit
    • setValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint

      public void setValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint(long validationResultsLimitPerConstraint)
      ValidationReports contain validation results. The number of validation results can be limited by the user. This can be useful to reduce the size of reports when there are a lot of failures, which increases validation speed and reduces memory usage.
      Parameters:
      validationResultsLimitPerConstraint - the limit for the number of validation results per report per constraint, -1 for no limit
    • getEffectiveValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint

      public long getEffectiveValidationResultsLimitPerConstraint()
      Returns:
      the effective limit per constraint with an upper bound of the total limit
    • getValidationResultsLimitTotal

      public long getValidationResultsLimitTotal()
      ValidationReports contain validation results. The number of validation results can be limited by the user. This can be useful to reduce the size of reports when there are a lot of failures, which increases validation speed and reduces memory usage.
      Returns:
      the limit for validation results per validation report in total, -1 for no limit
    • setValidationResultsLimitTotal

      public void setValidationResultsLimitTotal(long validationResultsLimitTotal)
      ValidationReports contain validation results. The number of validation results can be limited by the user. This can be useful to reduce the size of reports when there are a lot of failures, which increases validation speed and reduces memory usage.
      Parameters:
      validationResultsLimitTotal - the limit for the number of validation results per report in total, -1 for no limit
    • getDefaultIsolationLevel

      public IsolationLevel getDefaultIsolationLevel()
      Description copied from interface: Sail
      Retrieves the default IsolationLevel level on which transactions in this Sail operate.
      Specified by:
      getDefaultIsolationLevel in interface Sail
      Overrides:
      getDefaultIsolationLevel in class SailWrapper
      Returns:
      the IsolationLevel that will be used with SailConnection.begin(), for SAIL connections returned by Sail.getConnection().
    • getTransactionalValidationLimit

      public long getTransactionalValidationLimit()
    • setTransactionalValidationLimit

      public void setTransactionalValidationLimit(long transactionalValidationLimit)
    • getShapesGraphs

      public Set<IRI> getShapesGraphs()